There could be a number of risks involved with abrasive blasting at any particular time. Since silica sand has been a regularly used abrasive, though not the only one, abrasive blasting is most commonly referred to as sandblasting. When cleaning metal items like steel structures or adding texture to poured concrete, sand-sized particles are accelerated with pressurized air to create a stream of high-velocity particles.
From the abrasive, any part of the substrate being abraded, or the substrate itself, this procedure often generates a lot of dust. Abrasive blasting dust poses a very serious health danger to the operator if the operation is not totally isolated from them.
The lungs are at risk from inhalable dust from abrasive materials like silica sand. When lead-based paint is removed from steel bridge infrastructure by abrasive blasting, lead particles may be created that could harm the nervous system. Abrasive blasting may present safety problems in addition to possible health risks.