ABNORMAL LIVER ENZYMES - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms


Abnormal liver enzymes or transaminitis should be restricted for inflammatory conditions characterized by high levels of aminotransferases, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase.

The presence of abnormal liver enzymes can imply acute and long-term alcohol consumption, severe hepatitis B and C infection, and possibly liver cancer in some cases. The liver is one of the essential internal organs, and it is responsible for a wide range of activities necessary for the body to function normally.

The liver detoxifies the blood that generates proteins and aid clot formation, manages damaged cells, processes nutrients, stores vitamins, and assists in the conversion of glucose in the body.

Liver enzymes are proteins found in the liver that aid in speeding up specific chemical reactions. If any of these methods is hampered, severe complications may result. Swelling or serious harm to liver cells could indicate elevated liver enzymes. Certain chemicals, such as liver enzymes, leak out of inflamed or injured liver cells at a higher rate than the average amount.


The symptoms of mild to moderate elevations in abnormal liver enzymes can range from nothing to the following:

  • Vomiting and Nausea
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Dark urine
  • Jaundice
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tenderness and pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen


When the liver is damaged, cells release more of the two primary enzymes, ALT and AST, into the blood system. A few blood tests will be performed to verify the type and quantity of liver enzymes in your blood to ascertain if your liver is affected. 

Since these enzymes are typically just found in the liver, increased abnormal liver enzymes may imply liver failure. Most of the time, liver enzyme stages are only moderately or momentarily increased, but they do not illustrate a serious liver problem.

  • Liver Biopsy
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan or MRI
  • Liver Blood Test


It is hard to prevent some medical conditions caused by abnormal liver enzymes. Moreover, there are factors you can do to maintain your liver health.

  • Consume a nutritious diet.
  • Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • People with diabetes must keep their blood sugar levels stable.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising regularly.
  • Limit your intake of alcohol or abstain completely.

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