Skin cancer is a widely recognized form of cancer worldwide. The two most forms of skin cancer are basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas which are curable, yet can be deforming and expensive to treat. Melanoma, the third most common type of skin cancer, is the most serious among skin cancers and can even cause death. Most of these skin cancers are brought about by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light.
Protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation is necessary throughout the entire year, not only during the summertime. The hours between 10 AM and 4 p.m. are the times with the highest exposure to UV light.
Sunlight UV rays can damage your skin even if you are exposed at a minimum of 15 minutes. Here are five ways on how to prevent skin cancer.
- Be in the shade from 10 AM to 4 PM
You can lessen your risks of skin cancer by being in the shade, such as under an umbrella, tree, or a building. Wear proper protective clothing and sunscreen outdoors, even when you are staying under the shade.
- Wear protective clothing
Whenever possible, wear long-sleeved shirts, long jeans, and long skirts when outdoors. Clothes made of cotton are more comfortable to wear. Wear dry shirts and light-colored clothing, as they offer more protection.
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat or cap
Make sure that you get a hat with a wide brim all around the head. This hat can protect your face and neck from the sun’s damaging rays. For added protection, use dark-colored hats.
- Wear sunglasses that block both UVA and UVB rays
Sunglasses may shield your eyes from UV rays and can lessen your risk for cataracts. They additionally protect the delicate skin around your eyes from sun exposure. Look for sunglasses that can protect you from both UVA and UVB rays.
- Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher, and both UVA and UVB protection
Put on a wide-range sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher before going outdoors, even on shady or cool days. Sunscreen contains synthetic compounds that blend with the skin and protect it from UV rays.
Centers for Disease Control (2019). Sun Safety | Skin Cancer. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/sun-safety.htm#shade
Centers for Disease Control (2019). What Is Skin Cancer? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/what-is-skin-cancer.htm
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