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Migraine Headache: How to Treat It

 

Migraine attacks are bothersome. Anyone having this symptom often tries to find treatments that can stop migraine attacks or make them occur less frequently.

Just as there are different types of migraines, there are also different types of migraine treatments.

To help determine the best treatment for your migraine, it’s best to start with a migraine journal. Keep a diary of every migraine attack you have and it’s accompanying symptoms. This will enable your doctor to make an accurate diagnosis. Your pain pattern will also help the doctor identify which treatments might work for you.

Goals of Migraine Treatment

The following goals of migraine control were listed by the U.S Headache Consortium as follows:

  • Improve quality of life
  • Reduce attack severity and frequency
  • Educate and allow patients to manage their disease
  • Prevent headaches
  • Reduce disability
  • Avoid widespread headache medication use

Types of Migraine Treatments

Prescription

The following are medications for acute symptom relief; however they are only sold with a doctor’s prescription

  • DHE 45
  • Ergotamine
  • Triptans

Preventive – Prophylactic Medications

These are also available with a doctor’s prescription

  • Antidepressants
  • Beta blockers
  • Neuronal stabilizing agents or anticonvulsants
  • Calcium channel blockers

Over-the-counter

Below are over-the-counter medications for acute symptoms relief. They can be sold without a prescription

  • Naproxen
  • Paracetamol
  • Ibuprofen

Vitamins and Supplements

These natural remedies are non-pharmaceutical and may be in the form of vitamins, minerals, plant extracts and other naturally occurring substances

  • Vitamin B Comlex
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Fish Oil
  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Co Enzyme Q10
  • Peppermint oil
  • Herbal Teas
  • Ginger
  • Caffeine

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Treatments that don’t belong to conventional medical practices are termed as alternative medicine. They are complementary when these methods are used in addition to traditional medicine.

They consist of the following:

Natural remedies, such as herbal treatments, vitamins, minerals, and other supplements

Manipulative and body-based practices, such as massage therapy and chiropractic spinal manipulation

Mind-body medicine, such as meditation, acupuncture, yoga, hypnotherapy and tai chi

As always, your own migraine specialist is the best source of advice for your migraine. The facts in this article are delivered only for informational purposes. You should check out first with your physician before starting a medication regimen. Various treatments listed here are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for managing migraines.  But these methods may be used in treating other illnesses and they have also been shown to be effective in some studies. Yet again, this information should not be considered as substitute for medical advice.

 

-Medical Observer

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